The symptoms of infectious diseases in women
In the past, all kinds of genital infections was called "sexually transmitted infections". Today they used the term "sexually transmitted disease" (STD) or "sexually transmitted infections" (STIs).
Eng.: Sexually Transmitted Infections – STI
The nature of these infectious diseases, however, remains the same. Genital infections in men and female genital infections are caused by bacteria, parasites, fungi or viruses that enter the body only through sexual or other close contact with the body. Thus, the classification takes into account communication, relation, expression that characterizes every sexually transmitted disease. In addition, in the classification of one of the leading roles is played by the symptoms of genital infections.
Experts point to a growing increase in the incidence of STIs during the spring and summer period.
Perhaps the first signs of the sun's rays cause sexual problems over the summer, since people start to behave more uninhibited. More open body also attracted more than in previous seasons, the atmosphere of the holiday is very different from the stereotype of the house, which, combined with the desire of adventure and romantic experiences often leads to careless and reckless behavior. However, that being said, after the laughter come tears often, and male genital infections as well as genital infections in women are a Testament to the relevance of this saying, quickly uletuchivayas feelings of romance.
Risk of Contracting sexual diseases suffered by people who often change sexual partners and indulge in unprotected sex, in most cases, mean age at childbearing. Although STDs pose a problem for men, the number of diseases in women is higher. The highest incidence is associated with increased sexual activity in younger age groups.
Risk factors include the following conditions:
- early initiation of sexual activity,
- a greater number of sexual partners,
- Smoking, along with the use of contraceptives,
- the presence of other infectious diseases,
- the number of births,
- depression of immunity.
The most common STIs include:
- chlamydial infection,
- genital herpes,
- genital wart,
- hepatitis A, b and C,
- venereal ulcer,
- the HPV virus,
- molluscum contagiosum,
- fungal infection,
- pubic louse.
Main signs of sexual infection, often presents with discharge from the urethra and vagina, irritation of the mucosa, ulcerative lesions of skin and mucous membranes of the genitals. The typical symptoms are syphilis and gonorrhea, less clear signs of disease in a group of Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma, chlamydia: they have little impact when classical secretions, itching, burning or odour. Most of them are determined after repeated discomfort when we can't figure out why, because a fungal infection has already been ruled out. Infection by these organisms should be borne in mind in case of pain during the menstrual cycle or during intercourse.
The symptoms of chlamydia
Chlamydia infection is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases, has the essential features that would attract attention to himself. This fact contributes to the fact that chlamydial infection is often untreated, resulting in future leads to infertility.
The incubation period of chlamydia is from 1 to 3 weeks after penetration of pathogenic microorganisms in the body. Usually, in women, the disease occurs without significant symptoms, in men, however, symptoms are detected at early stages of the disease.
In men, chlamydial infection most commonly manifests with burning and cutting pain when urinating. Men often describe the pain of the testicles and prostate, which is impossible to cure completely. It can also cause clear discharge from the penis. Chlamydial infection can trigger the production of antibodies against sperm, which subsequently affects their production, quantity and quality, which ultimately leads to infertility of men.
In women, chlamydia Lodge, endocervix. The presence of chlamydia causes mucous discharge from the vagina, andalso leads to frequent pelvic inflammation. Can cause problems with urination, and burning and itching. Infected women complain of frequent bleeding outside the menstrual periods, pain during intercourse, and decreased libido, which is also a manifestation of chlamydial infection.
The insidiousness of this sexually transmitted disease is that it can follow the above, and infect the fallopian tubes and ovaries. In addition, the infection can penetrate deep into the abdominal cavity, where it causes appearance of adhesions. Chlamydia is responsible for the narrowing and obstruction of the fallopian tubes, infertility women causes miscarriages or premature births.
About 40% of newborns from mothers with chlamydia infected during birth and suffer from conjunctivitis. Such newborns have lower growth, and often suffer from dyspepsia, to these problems also often added and difficulty breathing.
Symptoms of genital herpes
The symptoms of genital herpes in the beginning of the disease can be invisible. As a rule, from 2 to 10 days of infection in the body there is a burning sensation, itching and pain in the genital area and also the area around the anus. Women may notice unusual vaginal discharge.
In the genital area, around the anus and buttocks there are numerous rashes, blisters, the presence of which causes pain. Sexual intercourse becomes unpleasant, because the person comes to excessive sensitivity of the sexual organs. There is often swelling of nearby lymph nodes.
A person infected with genital herpes, and feels General weakness may be present fever and muscle pain, or painful urination. This person feels the same way as at the beginning of the flu. Unpleasant and painful rash in women can occur only in the vagina and cervix, thus, are not visible, due to which the woman the acute phase of herpes may not identify in a timely manner.
Usually, 2-3 weeks after the initial symptoms of genital herpes, the disease subsides, the infection enters a dormant state (latency). In most cases, however, the disease returns periodically, but symptoms are milder. In the acute phase, especially when there and burst the blisters, the person is very contagious, so it is advisable to avoid close contact with him.
Signs of head lice (pubic lice)
The symptoms of head lice are so obvious that they just can't go unnoticed. Pubic lice, i.e., their presence causes persistent itching and irritation of the pubis. The louse feeds on the blood of the host, and after a bite in this place you can see a few centimeter bluish rash (macula coerulea).
On underwear can be noticed rusty spots originating from the feces of lice or minor skin injuries that causes their bite. If lice have drunk the blood, and the man accidentally crush it, it is obvious that underwear will appear spots of blood.
The symptoms of this transmitted sexually, the disease usually appear within one week after receipt of infection in the body. Most often, however, this happens on the 4th day. Germs at the point of entry into the body cause the formation of painful red sores that bleed when touched. They are like little healing acne. The number of these ulcers in a short time fast growing. Their pain cannot be overlooked.
In women, venereal ulcer causes of atypical vaginal discharge with a characteristic odor, frequent urination, pain during intercourse, when passing urine and faeces. Often are painful swollen lymph nodes in the groin. Men appear painful sores on the foreskin, the frenulum and the glans penis.
Signs of trichomoniasis
In most cases, trichomoniasis shows no visible signs that might attract attention. The disease develops latent course, and extends further.
The incubation period of trichomoniasis is from 2 to 30 days after infection in the organism. Women in the acute stage of the disease often complain of severe pain in the lower abdomen, frequent urination, burning and itching in the genital area.
May appear green-yellow, frothy, fairly strong-smelling secretions, which are characteristic of trichomoniasis. In some cases may increase body temperature. Women during intercourse often feel discomfort, often indicate pain during sexual intercourse. Acute phase of the disease quickly passes into the chronic form, in which these symptoms disappear.
Men, like women, may experience problems when urinating, burning or itching. The most common symptoms of trichomoniasis appear on the glans and foreskin of the penis. White discharge from penis are also not a rarity. If the infection is not treated on time, it can pass through the urethra into the bladder, prostate or testes.
Symptoms of gonorrhea
The vast majority of people with gonorrhoea in the early stage of the disease may not experience any symptoms. For this reason, very often the disease is not treated on time. Up until not detecteddisease, gonorrhea have enough time to infect other parts of the body, and then freely distributed.
In professional practice, the disease is different on the upper and lower gonorrhea. Under the lower form of gonorrhea refers to a disease in which bacteria infect the Bartholin gland (this gland in the vagina, which provide hydration of the vagina during intercourse, which facilitates the penetration of the penis into the vagina), cervix and its glands, and the glands situated in the rectum.
About the top form of gonorrhea is said in the case when the infection spreads to the mucous membrane of the uterus, passes through the fallopian tubes to the ovaries.
The lower form of gonorrhea in men infection fairly quickly makes itself felt, in contrast to the low gonorrhea in women. They have this disease mostly occurs without symptoms.
If you have any signs of gonorrhea, then it will happen, most likely, the second, fifth or tenth day after penetration of bacteria into the body. If you see a man with milky-colored discharge from the penis out ejaculation, avoid close contact with him and immediately consult a doctor. Most likely has gonorrhea.
Usually in men the disease appears much earlier than in women, as in three days after infection redness and swelling around the urethra. During urination a person feels discomfort and burning. If gonorrhea is not treated at this stage, for two to three weeks, the infection spreads to the bladder and prostate.
At this stage of the disease the testicles are very sensitive to touch and painful. A man may feel an increased temperature in the area. This fact may cause fertility issues. The woman for the first few days, usually not shown any symptoms that would suggest the presence of bacteria.
If untreated gonorrhea, the infection can enter the bloodstream and thus into other organs of the body. It infects the joints, heart valves or brain. In this case, the person has a high temperature, feel sharp pain in the pelvic area, complains of pain in the abdomen, back, frequent urination, and comes to the swollen glands. Rash anywhere on the body, having frequent pain in the neck, upper abdomen and shoulders. This stage requires immediate medical attention.
Symptoms of fungal infection
Typical symptoms of fungal infection presents unpleasant and relentless itching in the genital area. Added to this are a white cheesy discharge. Itching is very common, especially in a time when a woman is pregnant, which is very annoying. Areas of the vagina shows all the signs of inflammation.