When to get tested for STDs

The danger of sexual infections

A lot of genital infections in the body are completely asymptomatic, so find an STD can be difficult. In addition to this, they can be several with similar symptoms, making visibility a single disease. Having handed over the analysis on sexual infections can get rid of them, because these diseases can be quite dangerous.

Kogda sdavat analizy na polovye infekcii

If you do not know about the diseases or to refuse treatment, the consequences will not keep itself waiting. For men they threaten sexual dysfunction, inflammation of the prostate, the annexation of diseases of the genitourinary system. Women can become infertile or the risk of complications during pregnancy.

Some infections are very dangerous and lead to chronic diseases and complex cancer. One should not downplay the role of even the most innocuous infection. In each body they can develop in different ways, affecting the General condition and complicating chronic diseases. Therefore, it is necessary to be tested for infection and to cure them.

Transmission and self

To sexual infection only through sexual contact. Though STIs are transmitted primarily through sexual contact, but there are diseases that can be transmitted other ways. In this case, infection occurs through everyday life.

To prevent the development of such infections, is twice a year for tests. Because most of the diseases it is impossible to detect immediately. And to treat the infection impossible. Because it will only mute the symptoms and pretend the disease is passed. But it starts to grow hidden and spills over into the chronic form. Moreover, people may not know one he has an infection or a lot. It happens that some sexual diseases easily develop on the background of other infections.

When to go to the hospital

You need to pass on sexual infections tests in the case when symptoms and cases:

  • discharge from the genital tract;
  • pain in the lower abdomen;
  • itching and burning in the genitals;
  • rashes and redness of the genitals;
  • yasashisani sexual contact;
  • infertility;
  • the inability to carry pregnancy;
  • when planning a pregnancy;
  • the emergence of rheumatic diseases;
  • planning of surgical intervention in the genitourinary organs.

In addition, it should undergo a preventive medical examination and tests. This often helps to detect diseases at an early stage and not let him harm the body.

In preparation for the examination

In the case where the research will take a swab, it is advisable to engage in sexual contact for several days. Before passing not to urinate for about two hours because the urine from the urethra is washed out part of the infection.If possible, women should take smears directly after menstruation.

Some recommend that the alimentary provocation of infection. For this we recommend eve to eat spicy or salty foods, take a small dose of alcohol. Such provocation slightly lowers the immune system and helps infections to increase the number of bacteria or viruses in the body. Tests after her climb in 24-72 hours.

A swab taken from the urethra, cervix, and vagina in women. Men swab taken from the urethra.

In addition to the smear analysis can take blood or urine. It all depends on the infection and its spread throughout the body. Blood taken from a vein.

Diagnosis of diseases

Sexual infections are quite different. Therefore, they can be divided into:

  • bacterial;
  • viral;
  • parasitic.

In the bacterial infection includes infections caused by bacteria. Among them, mycoplasmosis, syphilis, and others. Viruses also cause diseases. Genital herpes, HPV, hepatitis, sexually transmitted diseases. One of the most dangerous remains HIV. Pubic lice are considered a parasite infection, which also must be treated.

In some cases the diagnosis may need some tests. All that is necessary for a more accurate diagnosis.

Diagnostic method

In different cases use different methods of diagnosis. They are chosen based on the symptoms and characteristics of sexually transmitted infection. Surrender, they will be on:

  • biochemistry of blood;
  • bacteriological method;
  • serological;
  • productionAllergy tests;
  • PCR.

Blood for biochemical analysis is necessary to hand over in case of hepatitis. Today it is used not only as a method for diagnosis but also for treatment monitoring.

Bacteriological based on the premises of material from an infected in a favorable environment for bacteria. After some time you can see exactly which ones thrive in this environment and are a danger to the body. Technicians the result identificeret them that helps to choose the most correct treatment. Still, this method can take anywhere from a couple days to a couple weeks.

Serological tests performed on serum. There are the immune system's response to infection. The most famous and popular is IFA. Thanks to him, it turns out to find in the blood of antibodies to certain infections, which proves their presence in a patient. This method helps to establish the stage of the disease as acute or chronic.

PCR is considered the most accurate. It copies the DNA fragments of the pathogen. It helps to detect the disease even in the case where it absolutely does not want to show its symptoms. Also it is suitable for those cases when the causative agent is not visible or present it in a rather insufficient.

Making an Allergy test, the man, the doctor inserts under the skin of a specific pathogen. He is weakened, so that can't hurt a healthy person.If the answer is the skin will remain clean. If positive injection site reaction appears in the form of inflammation.

Where to get tested

Tests for STDs can be done at any polyclinic or private clinic. Each of them has their laboratories that help diagnose. The doctor can ask how much is the analysis and when presumably, you can get the answer. In different laboratories, the survey time may vary. All depends on how busy the lab itself and the number of tests from the patient.

Each method has its own time frame to produce the result. But mostly doctor who works with a certain lab can accurately determine how many times the patient to come for the tests.

Preference should be given to those laboratories, where more qualified staff and more modern methods. Some to confirm the diagnosis, give their analyses in different laboratories.

In some cases, an error may occur in the analysis results. This happens due to improper storage of material during delivery, through the fault of the technicians or when incorrectly taken the tests.

What to do after a positive result

After confirming the presence of infection in the body, it is not necessary to independently pick up their medicines. One person they can be, the other body will respond to them quite differently. Usually the treatment lasts for 21 days. But in today's time there are drugs that treat the disease in a shorter time.

It all depends on the disease, its extent and spread in the body. It's better just to be treated for 21 days. It gives an opportunity to defeat the disease and not to cause a recurrence. All preparations appointed by the doctor individually. The doctor examines not only the analysis but the patient's condition. So for pregnant women may need other drugs or in a different form.

Why do not own to be treated

In some cases, the infected are treated independently. But to do so is strictly prohibited. Naturally the patient can stand on his own and choose the drugs, but in most cases this leads to disastrous results. The disease simply from acute becomes chronic.

If you follow the advice and prescription, but it does not heal, the disease will return. We therefore need to continue to take drugs, even if you feel better. Because the organisms are quite small and feel their number in the body impossible. And the remaining few bacteria can take over and restore the disease.