How to treat a bacterial infection in the throat
Infection in throat – what is it?
Sore throat, infection is one of the first symptoms of respiratory disease respiratory tract. The most common causes of sore throat are bacterial throat infection or viral throat infection, and fungal infection of the throat, dry air, allergies, tobacco smoke and air pollution.
- One Infection in throat – what is it?
- Two Viral diseases of the throat
- Three How to recognize bacterial infection?
- Four Signs of inflammation of the throat
- Five Treatment throat or How to cure a sore throat?
- Six Recommendations when the pain in the throat
- Seven How to prevent a sore throat?
- Eight Angina
- Nine Conclusion
At the beginning of the disease is manifested by weakening of the immune system, the throat can be affected by inflammation which is a natural protective reaction of the organism to external stimuli: infection, viruses, bacteria, fungi or mechanical damage.
Viral diseases of the throat
During viral infection the virus attacks the mucous membrane of the throat and larynx. A viral disease characterized by symptoms sometimes soft, sometimes more acute. Viral infection of the throat in children of younger age progresses, usually the hardest, with a high temperature, pain when swallowing, nasal discharge, pain radiating to the ears, dryness and burning of the mucous membranes, which makes the throat sensitive, and irritating cough. The selection at first colorless, gradually becoming viscous, mucous and purulent. Accompanying symptoms may include dizziness, fatigue, loss of appetite, pain in the joints. Typical disease – SARS and influenza.
How to recognize bacterial infection?
It always has a more serious stroke may be a complication of a viral infection affecting the throat. Bacterial infection throat symptoms:
- Very severe pain in the neck, which can radiate to the ears.
- Temperature rise above 38°C.
- In the case of the disease in children, the child sometimes complains of pain in the abdomen, may be present vomiting.
- Also may be complications such as sinusitis, otitis media or meningitis. A typical an infection that is caused by the bacteria presented a streptococcal sore throat.
Sore throat may be not only a symptom of a cold, flu or sore throats. Similarly manifests mononucleosis, gastroesophageal reflux disease (acid reflux), enlargement of the thyroid gland, allergies or even cancer. If sore throat is accompanied by fever above 38°C or lasts longer than a week, with no signs of fever or other symptoms, contact your doctor. Physician can help to determine if there is an infection of the throat, the treatment is also better to consult with a specialist.
Signs of inflammation of the throat
- Redness and burning in the throat.
- Sore throat, sometimes radiating to the ears.
- Difficult and painful swallowing.
- Scratching, feeling of "lump in the throat".
- Hoarseness and pain while talking.
- Enlarged cervical lymph nodes.
- Increased secretion of mucus.
- High temperature, bad breath.
Treatment throat or How to cure a sore throat?
In the treatment of angina should be guided by pain intensity and other symptoms of the infection. Sore throat generally is accompanied by symptoms of inflammation – redness of the throat, swelling, fever.
In pharmacies are available in sprays, liquids or lozenges to relieve the symptoms of angina. These drugs are usually anti-inflammatory effect. Some of them are combined, and contain ingredients that locally suppress pain in the neck.
Anti-inflammatory drugs aimed at reducing signs of inflammation (swelling, redness) in the neck, thereby facilitating swallowing.
Analgesic effect, relieves pain or relieves it completely.
You have a sore throat, but otherwise you feel healthy?
Onlikely, we are talking about infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract. Sore throat usually indicates that the neck region begins to form inflammation. Maybe you feel tired, may experience loss of appetite and General discomfort. In the case of the presence of these unpleasant symptoms, secure the peace, relaxation and plenty of sleep. During sleep the body naturally recover and gaining strength. Also start taking vitamin C, which strengthens the body's defenses. The common cold is also suitable herbal tea. Local anaesthetic products usually help available in pharmacies drugs, depending on what you prefer dosage forms (sprays, lozenges...).
A sore throat and a fever higher than 38°C?
In this case, their health should not be underestimated. If the fever persists and the symptoms worsen, contact your doctor. Self-treatment may only be effective early in the infection. It is important to determine whether there is a bacterial infection that needs treatment with antibiotics. For viral infection causal treatment (cured the cause of the disease), unfortunately, does not exist, treatment can be only symptomatic (solves the problem of the consequences of the infection – relieves pain, fever), there are medications for the treatment of inflammation. In addition to the drugs recommended to support the healing process, for example, gargling, lozenges for treatment of sore throat, compresses, herbal teas, vitamin C.
Recommendations when the pain in the throat
- Don't smoke and avoid smoke-filled rooms.
- Moisturize the air in the room, regularly ventilate the bedroom (dry air can cause coughing).
- Rest and get regular and adequate sleep.
- If you have air conditioning, regular air-condition the air.
- If the body temperature rises above 38°C, call your doctor.
How to prevent a sore throat?
A few preventive measures, they mostly depend on the immunity of the body:
Measures of hygiene – regular hand washing (you can also use disinfectant gels), regular hygiene of the nasal cavity (rinsing nasal cavities is killing pathogenic microorganisms, and the nose will be better able to fulfil its protective function), using their own Cutlery (do not drink from another Cup) , avoiding contact with sick people.
Strengthening the immune system – regular exercise in the fresh air or other regular exercise, consumption of sufficient amounts of fruits and vegetables, restriction of Smoking, avoiding stress, sufficient recovery of the disease.
Angina (tonsillitis) is an acute inflammation of the tonsils. In most cases we are talking about a bacterial disease (approximately 10% of cases is a viral or fungal infection). Sore throat as the flu, is spread by airborne droplets. Bacteria affect the lymphoid tissue in the neck, particularly the tonsils.
Symptoms of angina
The incubation period of tonsillitis is 1 to 3 days. From the beginning of the disease the symptoms as well as the flu, but the subsequent behavior of angina is more severe and the medication does not help.
- Chills, fever.
- An Earache.
- Abdominal pain, vomiting.
- Reddened and swollen tonsils, usually covered with white spots.
- Sore throat.
- Difficulty swallowing, cough, hoarseness.
- Nasal congestion, runny nose.
- Bad breath, drooling.
- Prevention of angina
Angina is spreading, especially in spring and autumn, but sometimes summer heat can cause the disease, as well as sharp fluctuations in temperature. It is important to take care of natural immune defense in healthy throat bacteria, viruses and fungi are less likely to attack.
What to do?
- Limit contact with sick people.
- In a few "risky" months try to avoid areas with a high concentration of people.
- Maintain your immune system.
- To ensure proper nutrition.
- Avoid drinking cold water, air conditioner, excessively hot areas.
The treatment of angina
If the sore throat longer than 2 days, and you have the above symptoms of respiratory infection, contact your doctor to determine appropriate treatment.
For the treatment of angina are almost always used antibiotics (to kill bacteria) and analgesic drugs (for pain relief). In addition to the treatment recommended plenty of rest and sleep that the body after debilitating fevers can more easily regenerate. Very important mission (herbal teas), to supply the body with vitamins, especially vitamin C. you Can use the sprays, nasal drops and saline solutions that can help loosen nasal congestion. Soreness in the throat will help suppress sprays, liquids or lozenges.
Sore throat, in any case, it is impossible to ignore, even if you have only mild symptoms. In the future, may present with more serious problems, such as rheumatism,affect heart valves, joints and muscles, or chronic inflammation of the kidneys.
Sore throat in the summer
Angina can surprise us not only in autumn and winter, and in summer – summer angina occurs when there is a big difference between internal body temperature and ambient temperature.
Summer what causes a sore throat, and how to avoid it?
Conditioner. It should be remembered that the temperature indoors should be not more than 5-7°C lower than the ambient temperature. For example, if outside is +35°C, and the thermostat of the air conditioner in the office is set at +20°C, there is a risk of immunosuppression of the upper respiratory tract. If you are traveling by car, the temperature difference should be no more than 6°C. it Should be remembered that the temperature in the car never drops below +21°C. If there is too much difference between the temperature inside the car and outside, can happen even circulatory collapse.
The use of cold drinks. Drink too cold drinks will lead to thermal shock of the body changes the conditions of the mucous membranes in the throat, pharynx and tonsils, which promotes the penetration of infection. In the summer, so drink beverages at room temperature or warm tea.
Drafts. Cold air, which man is subjected in the draft weakens the immune system of the mucous membranes in the throat. Problems can also cause fan that blows air in your face. In this case, it comes to dry skin and cause burning eyes.
Having had the above warning that can occur is an infection of the throat symptoms, do not self-medicate, consult a specialist. Only a doctor is able to identify the problem and assign appropriate therapeutic methods and drugs. If there is throat infection treatment should be timely!