Gardnerellosis in women: the nature of the disease, treatment and drugs
Gardnerellosis or bacterial vaginosis is a gynecological disease that is characterized by changes vaginal microflora. Also to refer to this pathology in medicine, the term dysbiosis of the vagina. It does not cause inflammation, is a fairly common female disease and suggests treatment for Gardnerella in the body.
- One Causes of bacterial vaginosis
- Two Symptoms and signs of vaginal dysbiosis
- Three Medical diagnostics of gardnerellosis
- Four Features of treatment of vaginal dysbiosis
- Five Schema therapy for bacterial vaginosis
- Six Macmiror Complex
- Seven Vaginal suppositories Hexicon
- Eight Antibiotic – recovery or provocation of recurrence?
- Nine The active substance Metronidazole
- Ten The active substance Clindamycin
- Eleven The active ingredient Ornidazole
- Twelve The active substance Doxycycline
- Thirteen The prevention of vaginal dysbacteriosis
Causes of bacterial vaginosis
In a healthy female body 95% of the vaginal biocenosis are lactic acid bacteria, which play a direct role in creating a natural protective barrier of the vaginal mucosa. The remaining 5% are about 300 other different microorganisms, including Gardnerella of, and that is the norm.
The vaginal flora is extremely sensitive to various external and internal factors of influence. Causes of gardnerellosis women can become a variety of processes:
- puberty in adolescents,
- decreased immunity in General,
- diseases of the endocrine system,
- stress instability,
- intestinal dysbacteriosis,
- failure of the menstrual cycle,
- violation of intimate hygiene,
- lack of regular sexual activity,
- frequent change of sexual partners,
- taking antibiotics and contraceptives,
- prolonged use of intrauterine contraception,
- pregnancy and childbirth,
- induced abortion,
- various surgical procedures,
- aggravation of chronic illnesses,
- change of climate and change of diet.
All these conditions can provoke a decrease in the amount of useful lactobacilli in the body. As a result, before gardnerellas offers the opportunity to actively grow and colonize the internal organ.
Symptoms and signs of vaginal dysbiosis
Women's symptoms are simple and clear. They are observed on a regular basis in the form of heavy white, grayish or yellowish discharge from the genital tract. When visual inspection is often possible to detect the structure of the foam discharge, which are easily removed with a cotton swab. The main symptom is accompanied by a pungent odor, characteristic of rotten fish.
Among other manifestations can be itching and redness of external genitals, burning sensation during the period of urinating and discomfort during intercourse.
Medical diagnostics of gardnerellosis
If you suspect bacterial vaginosis is not recommended to start on your own to troubleshoot the problem. This disease may occur along with other infections, so it requires proper diagnosis and treatment under the supervision of a specialist.
To identify or refute the presence of gardnerellosis conducted multiple laboratory studies. The most effective is microscopy of smear from the vagina. The final diagnosis must be confirmed by the analysis of isonitrile – the presence in a woman's body of the substance indicates the presence of the abundance of Gardnerella in vaginal microflora.
The detection of bacterial vaginosis further tests were carried out on possible comorbidities, as well as on the sensitivity of pathogens to different drugs, after which, based on the results and the General condition of the patient, and if necessary a suitable treatment of gardnerellosis.
Features of treatment of vaginal dysbiosis
Prescriptions for eliminating bacterial vaginosis is only necessary in the absence of pregnancy the patient. The disease is not a threat to the life of the woman or her unborn baby. Therefore, therapy is allowed to postpone until the child is born. Only in individual cases from the second trimester, the doctor may prescribe certain medications that do not have contraindications during pregnancy.
Selection of medicines is a very important process, because the wrong selection of medication for each individual patient can only make it worsedisease. Any woman who is faced with this unpleasant disease, is obliged to know, than to treat the pathogenic microorganism Gardnerella. However, to prescribe a specific medication for her illness has the right to a doctor.
Gardnerellosis not included in the category of sexually transmitted diseases transmitted strictly sexually transmitted, but in order to avoid transfer of harmful bacteria between partners during the period of treatment should refrain from sexual relations. Moreover, treatment needs both partners, otherwise the disease will occur again.
Schema therapy for bacterial vaginosis
To eliminate bacterial vaginosis in women are different forms of production of drugs: vaginal suppositories, suppositories, gels and ointments for local or topical treatment, as well as tablets and capsules for oral administration. In addition, along with essential drugs are often prescribed additional medications to enhance the body's immunity.
The primary goal of therapy, disease – elimination of all, including those discovered along with Gardnerella harmful microorganisms. For this serve as antibiotics and antiseptics. In this case, to prevent the appearance of fungal growth on cleared areas of the vaginal mucosa, range of drugs include anti-fungal medications.
An important role in the prevention of bacterial vaginosis belongs to regenerative therapy of the vaginal microflora, which contributes to the resumption of normal amount of lactic acid bacteria in the urogenital system. The intestines in such a period especially in need of bifidobacteria, and to smooth the load on the liver due to take antibiotics the doctors attributed to medications.
About what drugs should enter in the treatment of gardnerellosis may not be considered. Even simultaneous therapy of two partners often involves different from each other preparations. For this reason, self-medication on the basis of received outside medical consultation information is strongly discouraged. Any information from free sources about certain medicines submitted for substantive review and further discussion at the appointment with the specialist.
Medicine to combat a single or chronic vaginal dysbiosis Macmiror is well tolerated and has beneficial effects on the recovery of many patients. Antiseptic agent with broad spectrum action eliminates the gardnerellosis not only as a stand-alone ailment, but joined him infections.
Macmiror is produced in tablet form and also in complex with gel or vaginal suppositories and use as prescribed. The duration of treatment is determined by the degree of neglect of the disease. The drug is contraindicated in sensitivity to the composition, or in the case of disorders of the kidneys.
Vaginal suppositories Hexicon
Hexicon – a female assistant in order to avoid pelvic infections. Unprotected sexual contact with a casual partner is recommended to use the drug not later than within two hours after its completion.
This antibacterial agent, which is used both in preventive and curative purposes. Hexicon effectively fights against pathogens of vaginal dysbiosis, does not harm the Lactobacillus. The drug retains its properties even when used in the period of menstruation, and is contraindicated only in case of personal intolerance to the components of the composition.
Antibiotic – recovery or provocation of recurrence?
An overwhelming number of doctors will answer definitely: the key to recovery. Despite the fact that the use of antibiotics is just one of the reasons of occurrence of excess the Gardnerella in the female body, to help get rid of this disease in most cases is capable of achieving a chemical. 90% of patients are cured thanks to properly selected antibiotic. Most from seeking treatment in the first stages of the disease. While the second stage is the restoration of the vaginal microflora. The faster the microorganisms are destroyed snotvornyi, the shorter the course of treatment.
The active substance Metronidazole
Metronidazole is considered to be one of the best antibiotics against pathogens of the vaginal microflora. The substance has several forms: tablets, vaginal suppositories, gels, and solutions for injection. Metronidazole fruitfully affects the elimination of the Gardnerella, destroying the structure of DNA.
The medication has serious contraindications. It is forbidden to drink containing Metronidazole medication while breastfeeding and during pregnancy until the second trimester. In addition, even the smallest dose of alcohol during application of the substance may lead to antabuspodobnyy syndrome, which is characterized by a sharp deterioration of the General condition of the organism and the formation of aversion to alcohol.
The most popular trade names of drugs on the basis of Metronidazole:
The active substance Clindamycin
Clindamycin has a broad spectrum of action, destroying not only the Gardnerella, and many otherdisease-causing pathogens. The antibiotic is produced in the form of capsules, vaginal cream, suppositories, gel for external use, as well as in vials of solution for intravenous and intramuscular administration.
Do not take Clindamycin women during pregnancy or lactation, in bronchial asthma and allergic reactions to the prescription.
Similar to the active substance Clindamycin medication:
The active ingredient Ornidazole
Many modern experts give their preference to the Ornidazole. Usually, in cases of running of bacterial vaginosis tests also detect pathogens such ailments as chlamydia, trichomoniasis and many others. Due to the wide range of action Ornidazole is able to replace a complex of several different drugs, acting at the same time even for such infections, which may not have been discovered during research.
The fast action of the pills helps to feel positive changes already after 2 hours after their reception. Contraindications of the medication apply to nursing moms, the first trimester of pregnancy, pathology of blood, and neurological diseases.
Antibiotics for the treatment of vaginal dysbiosis containing Ornidazole:
- The doctor,
The active substance Doxycycline
Doxycycline effect on eliminating the multiple infections that are transmitted sexually. And Ornidazole, it can save the patient from the appointment of multiple drugs simultaneously, it remains effective against each disease, acts quickly and does not cause complications.
Doxycycline is contraindicated in hypersensitive to the composition, pregnancy, breastfeeding and in case of pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract.
Trade names of medicines that contain Doxycycline:
- Yunidoks Solutab,
The prevention of vaginal dysbacteriosis
Protect yourself 100% from unpleasant ailments such as dysbiosis of the vaginal microflora, unfortunately, impossible, but carrying out a number of preventive measures may reduce the risk of infection gynecological infections in the future. Just need:
- to lead a healthy lifestyle, strengthen the immune system,
- not to self-medicate,
- use condoms if you frequently change sexual partners,
- carefully observe rules of personal hygiene,
- to avoid stress and conflict situations,
- to restore the body after administration of the necessary chemicals,
- 1-2 times a year even with a great feeling to visit the gynecologist's office.
Simple guidelines will help to avoid the painful consequences, which affects women at any age. One only has to take for a habit to take care of yourself and your body as many health problems will disappear by themselves. It is important to remember that health is a priceless treasure that should be protected.