Infectious diseases eye symptoms
- One The most common types of eye diseases
- Two Eye infections and disorders – that they should know?
- Three What eye infections and disorders?
- Four Signs of eye infections
- Five Reasons
- Six What drugs can be used for therapeutic purposes?
- Seven Tip
The eye is protected from such problems as eye infections, anatomical barrier of the century, and reflex blinking continuously hydrates its surface tears contain lysozyme, lactoferrin, B-lysine and other substances. Infectious eye diseases can affect any part of them, including the eyelids, conjunctiva, cornea and other layers. Contribute to the emergence of eye diseases the following factors:
- injury caused by a blow or surgical intervention,
- violation of the tear film,
- the decrease in the defensive ability of the immune system (e.g. AIDS),
- immunosuppressive therapy.
Infectious diseases of the eye characterized by symptoms, like:
- pain in the eyes,
- photophobia (sensitivity to light),
- the decrease in visual acuity.
The effectiveness of treatment of inflammation of the eye in children and adults always depends on timely diagnosis.
In most cases of eye disease/eye treatment is based on the use of antibiotics in the form of drops or ointments. The fact which drugs to choose, most often affected by certain factors, such as:
- a person's age (very young children the choice of treatment is quite different from therapy adult),
- result of inspection.
The success of the treatment of infectious eye diseases depends on the timely beginning of treatment and rigorous hygienic habits.
The most common types of eye diseases
We are talking about the most common infectious disease encountered ophthalmologists. The disease occurs in acute (rarely giperostos) or chronic form. Cause disease bacteria (Staphylococcus, Streptococcus, etc.), viruses (adenovirus, herpes simplex virus), chlamydia, and even (rarely) fungal infections.
Clinical data is dominated by the watery hypersecretion (viral inflammation), Muco-purulent or purulent (bacterial inflammation). In the case of allergic conjunctivitis is dominated by the mucus. Treatment is systemic, the drugs of first choice are penicillin antibiotics. People are contagious in the first days of contacts of the fingers, towels, water, etc.
This infection in the eyes is caused by adenoviruses, the main symptoms presented by the inflammation of the conjunctiva and cornea. A person is contagious during the first 14 days. Treatment is symptomatic and often prolonged.
Herpes viruses – herpes zoster and herpes simplex
Herpes viruses seriously affected, especially the cornea. It is extremely important to promptly begin to cure infection is by applying anti-viral drugs. Complication of herpes simplex can be inflammation of the iris – iritis.
Keratitis can be bacterial and viral origin. The disease is characterized by pain, redness, photophobia, impaired vision often – leads to decreased visual acuity. Some bacteria form characteristic ulcers, which in some cases may even perforate. If the disease penetrates into the deeper layers of the cornea, the scar is formed, which permanently reduces vision. Bacterial keratitis iscondition for emergency treatment. Antibiotic treatment is local.
Inflammation of the eyelids
Hordeolum (stye) is an inflammation of the lacrimal glands caused by bacteria, often Staphylococcus. Gland and the nearby area becomes red and very painful. Occurs infiltration and a small abscess, which is usually perforeret itself, so that the incision is not necessary. Warm compresses can speed up the process.
A chalazion is an inflammation of the meibomian glands, often passing into the chronic stage, when there is a painless lump under the skin of the century. Performed extirpation – removal chalazia along with circumference.
It is an acute disease caused by Streptococcus. Among the eyelashes are formed purulent secretions, circle red and swollen. The disease can leave scars with the absence or abnormal growth of eyelashes. The disease is treated by antibiotic ointments.
Abscesses and cellulitis of the eyelids
We are talking about different kinds of acute infections of the eyelids, characterized by swelling and local knots. Treatment consists of local application of antibiotics, in the presence of visible foci of pus under the skin, is cut.
Dacryoadenitis (inflammation of the lacrimal gland)
This disease occurs relatively rarely, could be acute or chronic. Disease swelling typical sigmoid shape, the affected area is painful and red. The complication may be represented by an abscess or blockage of the tear duct caused by swelling, stenosis or adhesions. Treated with antibiotics, depending on the underlying disease.
Eye infections and disorders – that they should know?
If you are automatically using the eye drops immediately when my eyes begin to tear, redden, burn and itch, sometimes you can aggravate the condition, not improve. Instead, try a soothing natural remedy, perhaps it will be more efficient.
What eye infections and disorders?
Eye infections are usually accompanied by conjunctivitis – inflammation of conjunctiva, the delicate membrane lining the eyelids. Another reason that causes redness and irritation of the conjunctiva, is persistent inflammation of the eyelids (blepharitis) and painful inflammation of the follicles at the root of the eyelashes (hordeolum). In case of inflammation of the eyes, you must contact your doctor who will determine the causative organism and appropriate treatment to avoid serious diseases such as glaucoma.
Signs of eye infections
- redness of the eye protein,
- dense white or yellow discharge from the eyes, watery eyes,
- dry crust on the eyelid and in the corners of the eyes after sleep,
- the feeling of sand in eyes during blinking,
- swelling or peeling of the eyelid skin,
- a small reddish lump on the edge of the eyelid (stye).
Conjunctivitis can be caused by viruses and bacteria. Redness and inflammation may also be the result of trauma, allergic reactions or irritation of some pollutants such as smoke, make-up, chlorinated water in swimming pools.
What drugs can be used for therapeutic purposes?
Serious eye infection or injury requires immediate medical care. Lungs the disease can heal on its own, naturally, however, if the inflammation persists for 3-4 days, contact your doctor.
Relief brings rinse decoction of chamomile and Goldenseal. In the preparation of herbal gargle broth strain through cheesecloth or a clean cloth. For strengthening of effect can be about a month of taking vitamin C and zinc. Both substances increase the immune system, help fight infection and are of great importance in the prevention of recurrence. Vitamin C helps to accelerate the healing process and protect the eye from further inflammation and zinc, which is concentrated in the eyes, can increase its effectiveness.
Ophthalmic inflammation often caused by injury or tension of the blood vessels. As prevention is a good effect may show bilberry extract, which strengthens capillaries. Drinking tea out of eyebright helps to relieve inflammation of the eye as well as compresses and rinse decoction of chamomile (best to use chilled tea bags).
Dosage: a teaspoon of dried herbs, pour 500 ml boiling water, cool and strain.
Recommendation: keep the solution you need in a tightly sealed container, every day to prepare fresh tea every day and rinse the affected eye 3 times a day.
Dosage: 500 mg 2 times a day.
Recommendation: if you are having diarrhea, it is necessary to reduce the dose.
Dosage: 30 mg daily for one month.
Recommendation: receive 30 mg of zinc (maximum dose) should be supplemented with 2 mg copper.
Dosage: 2-3 teaspoons of dried flowers, pour 250 ml of boiling water, cool and drain.
Recommendation: store the broth in airtight containers, tea daily to prepare fresh, to make compresses or rinse the affected eye 3 times a day.
Dosage: 1 teaspoon dried herbs, pour 500 ml boiling water, cool and strain.
Recommendation: stored the broth in a sealed container, every day should be prepared fresh tea and rinse the affected eye 3 times a day.
- Wash your hands often with antiseptic soap and do not RUB the eye – eye infections are very contagious.
- During infection do not paint the eyes and do not wear contact lenses.
- Discharge from the infected eye with a soft, sterile pad which will throw away after use to prevent the spread of infection.
- When the barley several times a day to eyelids apply warm moist compresses, keep for about 10 minutes. When inflammation is limited, there will be a yellowish vesicle, which bursts, and the pus flows out.
- When inflammation of the eyelids, try a warm, wet compress, apply it to your eye for approximately 15 minutes. Do compresses until then, until the flow of pus in the corner of the eye. Then gently rinse the eyes with water with baking soda or diluted baby shampoo.
- Compresses always prepare for each eye separately.