Diet for intestinal infection in children menu
Bowel infections and food
Acute and chronic intestinal infection, inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract are the diseases that require this approach as a therapy. In the case of acute and relapsing stages of intestinal infection, the diet involves enteral nutrition. Such a diet in case of intestinal infections in children and adults, along with the intake of nutrients also provides a therapeutic effect in the OCI (acute intestinal infection in the child and the adult).
Diet diet in case of intestinal infection in adults and children "per os" should be subordinate to the individual taste habits of the person, especially if we are talking about a child menu. Initially, diet for intestinal infection begins with gentle products (food choices, which is not conducive to the creation of gases, not sharp, with the relevant processing technology). It is important to increase the supply of natural nutrients. After the patient's condition allows, diet after any intestinal infection acute type may be weakened, it is possible to adhere to individual tolerance of the person.
Also diet after intestinal infections in adults (especially the diet of children after intestinal infection), taking into account personal food preferences, is a stimulant for food intake in connection with the present lack of appetite, and the presence of fear (abdominal pain, diarrhea).
Diet in diseases of the intestinal infectious nature imply an increased frequency of the daily meals, but would require smaller doses, i.e. 6-7 times a day at intervals of 2.5-3 hours. Such a diet with intestinal infection that is necessary due to the reduction of the resorption and digestion, is a necessity. As a rule, it is recommended to eat foods rich in protein (1-2 g/kg) and fiber, are not allowed reception fat, high-calorie foods. Fluid intake, both adults and children, are governed by the General norms of consumption (if no complications) liquid, it is best to take between meals.
So, let's consider the question, what can I eat with intestinal infection and what are the principles that guide the diet after intestinal infection for a child and an adult. What to eat and what not to eat in certain diseases of the gastrointestinal tract?
Inflammatory bowel disease
Infectious ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease have a very complex pathogenesis and manifestations, requires special approaches of gastroenterology. Not only from the point of view of nutrition, always requires an individual approach of the doctor and the nutritionist.
Very different phases of the disease with the symptoms of motility disorders, diarrhea and constipation, blood or mucus in the stool. Need is for individual peri - and postoperative approach.
The pathogenesis of the disease in detail remains unclear, presumably, is an autoimmune disease, no doubt, we are talking about inflammatory bowel disease with tissue destruction. Important is medical and surgical treatment, when carried out resection of uses anastomoses or stoma.
Dietary approaches are an integral part of treatment. You always have to reckon with negative nitrogen balance, the development of hypoproteinemia and protein malnutrition. There are often episodes of dehydration, anaemia, high temperature fluid loss through sweating. People (both adult and baby), almost always characterized by mental changes that further complicate dietary treatment – people are not fully aware of what you can and cannot eat.
There is often a lack of vitamins, particularly fat-soluble, for example, D and K, loss increases the content of bile, there is a deficiency of iron and folic acid, diarrhea and other ions. Frequent is secondary lactase deficiency as a result of intolerance to dairy products.
Dietary treatments in the treatment of Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis
- If the infection is characterized by acute attack and is only recommended in parenteral nutrition.
- Consistent realimentation. Starts with a gentle diet with a moderate fat restriction (diet number 4), food – mushy. Diet has antidiarrheal character.
- In diseases of the small intestine could be lactose intolerant, so the diet should include fermented dairy products (cheese, yogurt, cottage cheese) instead of eating dairy products and cereals (semolina, rice).
- Residue-free diet number 5 with a large amount of protein is recommended for diarrhea, since its action is aimed at reduction of speed of evacuation and thethe extension of the period of absorption of nutrients.
- A sick person (this applies in particular to the child) comes to loss of appetite and consequently food intake is insufficient. Malnutrition can best be prevented by introduction of liquid enteral nutrition. This method can also be used during the transition from parenteral nutrition to the diet.
- It is also important the consumption of vitamins and minerals, particularly K, Ca, Mg.
Diet for diarrhea
Cause of diarrhea and gastroenteritis is often infectious, at least – functional. The reasons are sometimes combined, for example in traveler's diarrhea. A significant role is played by psychological effects, osmotic effects (e.g., fructose, sorbitol). Cause diarrhea can be malabsorption.
Dietary approach in acute enteritis:
- Fasting with a sufficient intake of fluids and ions (Na, Cl, K, bicarbonate). To drink best tea and mineral water. When threatening dehydration used parenteral infusion fluids with ions.
- Appropriate short-term low-fat light diet.
- Consistently there is a transition from sparing diet on a normal diet.
- The importance of sufficient fluid intake and the decision of the question of the origin of the disease and its causative agent.
Special disease is irritable bowel syndrome. The prevalence of the disease is high. Disease affecting up to 20% of the adult population.
Typical symptoms of this disease include:
- Abdominal pain, oblegchat after defecation.
- Abnormal chair, at least two times a week.
- Constipation or diarrhoea.
- Violation of passage, incomplete emptying of the bowel.
- The admixture of mucus in the stool.
- Abdominal pain and bloating.
Irritable bowel syndrome can be treated with pharmacological agents that influence intestinal motility and drugs acting primarily on the psyche.
Dietary treatment is based on 3 principles:
- Fiber intake (with the exception of people who due to its consumption difficulties)
- The restriction is not borne products (milk, butter, eggs), the disease can interfere with lactase deficiency (intolerance to milk), sour diet should be discussed with a dietician
- Adjustment of dysbiosis in the gut is less more E. coli and lactobacilli. Preferably the introduction of probiotics or prebiotics.
Prebiotic and probiotic effects to date are under research. Is preferable to local action on the gut, controversial is a certain effect on the entire body. In practice, irritable bowel is related to insufficient or excessive fluid intake, the impact of specific products on flatulence. It is advisable to limit the consumption of dairy products, onions, certain vegetables, legumes.
Constipation and diet
To treat constipation 3 apply security measures:
- Increased consumption of dietary fiber (for example, you can eat cereals, root vegetables, potatoes, unrefined dried fruits, peel of fruits, legumes).
- The consumption of at least 1.5-2 liters of fluid a day, without it, fiber can't expand and have an impact on motor skills. It is also important to drink hot drinks in the morning.
- Increased physical activity, good long walks.
Laxatives should be taken only in case of failure of dietary measures. First of all, preferably the introduction of laxative mineral water or lactulose.